The 400 Year Old
manual of Shaolin martial arts was Exposition of Original Shaolin
Stick Fighting written around 1610 by military expert Cheng
At the end of the book is a chapter of questions and answers
which mentions a well known empty hand longfist style of the day
from the Wen family.
"Of the Iron fist variety is the Wen Family's Longfist"
Iron Fist Today
Li Kunshan came to Taiwan after WW2 he taught a longfist form called
Iron Fist. Within his hand written manuscript of boxing he placed
this form under the heading of longfist. Though we can not verify
that it is the same form as that mentioned in 1610, there is a
saying, 'forms don't pass three generations.' Which means that after
the third generation the form has undergone a lot of changes. But we
can look at the form and learn effective attack and defense methods.
Iron Fist is a good introduction to Li Kunshan's style of Plum
Flower Mantis boxing. The form is comprised of moves found within
well known mantis forms such as the Zhai Yao series, Plum Flower
Road and Luan Jie.
The Slapping Blade
common move to Mantis is the hook kick. Here it is called slapping
blade small chiao.
Sam, on the
right and I square off. I use closing hands to defend against his
My left hand
grabs his left hand and my right hand chops to his throat. This is
the slapping blade. His right hand blocks my chop and I grab it
Once I grab him
I can pull to the right as my right leg kicks in behind his ankle.
The goal is to use my kicking leg to uproot his front leg. Before I
manage to do that...
He only needs
to lift his left leg to avoid being taken down. This is a common
defense to this type of hook kick and there are many different
techniques that I can follow up with. In the case of the form Iron
Fist the follow up technique is called, 'rushing jump double evading
apply this technique requires a speedy jump of off the left leg in
order to ram it into the opponent's belly.
one leg to use it as a knee strike is part of the striking method
from the eight short of Mantis Boxing.
The method of
using a hook and following up with a knee strike is first introduced
to the students in a kao da exercise called striking with the knee.
Before students can learn that they need to have gone through
conditioning of the belly to prevent injury from knee strikes.
introduction of this type of conditioning was given in
The Revolving Wheel of Water and Fire.
Once again showing the essential importance of training the qi in
order to properly practice the applications[